Susan Holmes (Stanford University, USA)
Statistician and professor at Stanford University, Holmes is noted for her work in applying nonparametric multivariate statistics, bootstrapping methods, and data visualization to biology. She uses computational statistics, in particular, nonparametric computer intensive methods such as the bootstrap and MCMC to draw inferences about many complex biological phenomena, interactions between the immune system and cancer, resilience and biomarker detection in the human microbiome and drug resistance in HIV.
She often uses and contributes to mathematics. One celebrated work is on the geometry of tree space, introducing distance between phylogenetic trees to make a Cat(0) complex. Received her PhD in 1985 from Université Montpellier II, served as a tenured research scientist at INRA for ten years, taught at MIT, Harvard, and was an associate professor of biometry at Cornell before moving to Stanford in 1998.